Water resources-Part 1Earths Water DistributionConflicts over water- Concepts, ExamplesEarths Water DistributionConflicts over water- Concepts,ExamplesWater Conflicts is the conflicts between countries,states or groups over the rights to access waterresources.Many water bodies spread over two or morecountries. All these countries want more access tosame water body leads the conflicts over water.Out of Indias 18 major rivers, 17 are sharedbetween different states. In all these cases, thereare intense conflicts over these water resources.Water conflicts on middle east:Three river basins, namely the Jordan, the TigrisEuphrates and the Nile are the shared waterresources for Middle East countries. Ethiopiacontrols the head waters of 80% of Niles flow andplans to increase it. Sudan too is trying to divertmore water. This would badly affect Egypt.The Indus water treaty:Disputes between India & Pakistan over Indus river.In 1960, the Indus water treaty was signed betweentwo countries. Indus, Jhelam & Chenab wereallotted to Pakistan & Satluj, Ravi, Beas wereallotted to India.The Cauvery water dispute:Disputes of Tamil Nadu & Karnataka over the accessof Cauvery river. Karnataka occupies Cauverysupstream and holds much water leads waterscarcity in Tamil Nadu which occupies downstream area. On 2 June, 1990, The Cauvery waterdispute tribunal was made & the State Karnatakawas directed to Supply 205 TMCF (ThousandMillion Cubic Feet) w ...
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